The Incident at No Gun Ri

Order From Maj. Gen. William Kean on July 27, 1950

The 25th Infantry Division commander ordered that, since all South Koreans were to have been evacuated from the combat zone, any civilians seen were to be considered enemy.

Communications Log for the 25th Infantry Division, July 26, 1950

The highlighted entry notes that Maj. Gen. William Kean, commanding general of the division to the right of the 1st Cavalry Division, wanted civilians in the combat zone considered as enemy.

Order From 8th Army Headquarters to All U.S. Combat Units

Amid confusion over how to handle refugees, the 8th Army, commanding the entire Korean battlefront, orders all units to keep refugees from crossing their lines southward, and then outlines a plan for an organized evacuation.

Operations Log of the 8th Cavalry Regiment

This communications log shows that on July 24, 1950, at 10 a.m., the 1st Cavalry Division's operations staff ordered division units not to allow any refugees to cross the front lines.

Survivors' Petition

September 10th, 1997

"Dear President Clinton;

We, the remaining families of the Korean War victims who were killed or wounded by U.S. soldiers from July 26th to 29th, 1950, are petitioning for your recognition of the incident, a formal apology and compensation.

Army Finds No Evidence of Killings

Dated March 22, 1999; addressed to Victor W.C. Hsu, a director at the U.S. National Council of Churches who had written to the Pentagon on behalf of the Korean claimants; signed by John P. McLaurin, III, deputy assistant secretary for military personnel management and equal opportunity policy, Department of The Army.

U.S. Military Rebuttal of Korean Compensation Claim

Responding to a compensation claim filed by Korean villagers in connection with the events at No Gun Ri, the U.S. Armed Forces Claims Service asserted that the 1st Cavalry Division was not in the area at the time. The historical record proves otherwise.

Articles of War

The Articles of War were the military laws in force at the time of the incident at No Gun Ri.

The 1st Cavalry Division's War Diary

There is no mention of the events at No Gun Ri in this entry, the day the 7th Cavalry Regiment withdrew from the scene of the killings.

1st Cavalry Division Association's Statement on the Events at No Gun Ri

Destruction of a Naktong River Bridge

'Up With the Bridge Went Hundreds of Refugees'

In a now-declassified narrative sent to an Army historian Aug. 24, 1953, Maj. Gen. Hobart R. Gay described how, as 1st Cavalry Division commander in 1950, he ordered the destruction of a bridge over South Korea's Naktong River at the cost of many refugee lives.

Strafing Incidents

Mission 35-1 Debriefing From July 20, 1950

This is a declassified after-mission report filed by a squadron intelligence officer after he debriefed four F-80 fighter-bomber pilots returning from a combat mission over South Korea July 20, 1950. The pilots reported strafing "people in white clothes, " at the direction of a controller ("Angelo Yoke"). Refugees and other ordinary Koreans generally wore white.

Mission 35-4 Debriefing From July 20, 1950

The pilots reported strafing people who "could have been refugees."

Mission 35-3 Debriefing From July 31, 1950

The pilots reported strafing people who "appeared to be evacuees."

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